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2019年2月26日 2019年12月04日|总浏览量33,894

首次同类研究确定制度性种族主义是黑人无家可归的主要原因, 提出全面的政策建议

该报告显示了结构性种族主义, 歧视, 以及在住房方面的无意识偏见, 就业, 刑事司法, and child welfare policies have led to overrepresentation of Black people experiencing 无家可归 

洛杉矶, ——超过100个县, 城市, and community leaders gathered today to highlight racial disparities and address systemic racism in public policy affecting Black people experiencing 无家可归 across Los Angeles County.

黑人占洛杉矶县人口的9%, but more than one-third of its population experiencing 无家可归—an overrepresentation that is consistent demographically across other jurisdictions in the United States. A groundbreaking new report by m88’s Ad Hoc Committee on Black 人 Experiencing m88lessness sheds light on why, and puts forth a broad set of targeted recommendations to reverse this injustice.

这份报告, 这是由26名成员组成的特设委员会9个月工作的结果, includes 67 recommendations to create a broad framework that will advance equity and eliminate disparities that impact Black people experiencing 无家可归 across LA County. 这份报告 is the first step of a dynamic process of collaboration between stakeholders to implement recommendations, which include interweaving a racial equity lens throughout 无家可归 policy 和服务交付 systems as well as across public, 私人, 和慈善机构.

贯穿该委员会工作的一个主题是种族主义, 歧视, m88的公共系统和机构中无意识的偏见对此也有贡献, 并且与, 无家可归. Ending 无家可归 will require a collective commitment to dismantling racism and addressing racial disparities, 以及来自资助者的持续支持, 政策制定者, 主流护理系统, 服务提供商, 和社区合作伙伴. 报告强调了影响住房的政策中持续存在的系统性偏见, 就业, 刑事司法, 儿童福利——并确定在m88的无家可归者服务系统中促进种族平等的方法.

“This report is a critical first step to address the collective failings of systems and institutions that—de facto and de jure—have been designed to deliver the painful disparities that affect so many of our brothers and sisters,洛杉矶县监督员说 马克Ridley-Thomas.  “克服这一悲剧遗产的艰巨工作摆在面前. 如果m88的地区要繁荣, 这不仅是一种道德责任, it is an absolute economic imperative that all who call Los Angeles home are able to attain their full measure of dignity and self-worth.”

“We have long understood the painful reality that a disproportionate number of African-Americans are caught in the grip of 无家可归—and we have to be more intentional about how to confront and end this crisis,洛杉矶市长说 Eric Garcetti. “这份报告把焦点放在了需要关注的地方, 帮助m88把精力集中在个人身上, 家庭, 以及最需要帮助的社区.”

"m88lessness is the greatest issue facing Los Angeles and racism is amplifying the impacts of economic inequality and 住房 access,洛杉矶市议员说 Marqueece Harris-Dawson. “Now is the time to directly address the root causes of 无家可归 and racism remains one of the biggest causes."

“这份报告是一个新的合作水平的启动平台,”lahs专员说 杰奎琳御夫座, chair of the Ad Hoc Committee and VP and Southern California Market Leader of Enterprise Community Partners, 公司. “它反映了不同的声音, 包括那些无家可归的人, 服务提供商, 和社区成员, 并为改变创造蓝图. 这只是工作的开始, 在m88前进的过程中,m88将继续用种族平等的眼光看待m88的制度和政策.”

"Only by acknowledging and naming the painful truth about how our systems and policies have created these unjust racial disparities can we do the hard work together to reverse them,” 凯利伯纳德,该委员会主席和特设委员会副主席. "I’m hopeful about the impact we can make by attacking these systemic obstacles in such an intentional way, 他们的生活可以因此而变得更好."

以下是该报告的见解和建议摘要. 额外的资源:

报告的主要见解摘要

  • 要想发生持久的变化, 制度性的障碍 across agencies and mainstream systems must be dismantled to eliminate the racial disparities and systemic racism affecting Black people experiencing 无家可归.
  • 越来越多 负担得起的住房危机 整个国家, 尤其是在洛杉矶地区, 伴随着持续的低, 停滞不前的, 和工资下降, 加剧了无家可归,尤其是黑人.
  • 的互联性 监禁和无家可归 creates a revolving door that only serves to make the plight of 无家可归 more challenging and complex.
  • 无家可归的黑人比例高得不成比例 儿童福利系统的参与.
  • 关心和同情 are crucial components of outreach and case management services—and of policy and program design. 的se components must be embedded within agency leadership and decision-making bodies that support direct service delivery. 当被问到:“是什么让你不无家可归??参与者的回答则是,“有人关心我。.”
  • 包括有过无家可归经历的黑人 在计划和政策设计的各个方面, 实现, 评价, 和服务交付, is critical to ensuring that programs and services effectively meet the needs of those they are intended to serve.
  • 中转房屋质量 各地不同的设施, 对于一些, 在避难所生活可能是一种创伤或再次创伤的经历.
  • Despite local investment to expand the permanent 住房 resources within the Los Angeles County 协调系统 (消费电子产品展), 住房供应缺口依然存在, as the number of participants in need of permanent 住房 resources greatly exceeds the available supply.
  • This scar城市 of resources often results in people living in unsheltered conditions or in interim 住房 for extended periods of time. 虽然消费电子产品展似乎是地方 无家可归的黑人以一定比例进入住房, Black people served through 消费电子产品展 permanent 住房 interventions experienced a higher rate of returns to 无家可归 than all other race and ethnic groups. This points to a significant need for further research to better understand what is causing this disparity and what additional supports are needed to improve 住房 stability and retention.

报告建议摘要

  • 改善 数据收集, 分析, and collaborative research to better understand and track issues affecting Black people experiencing 无家可归.
  • 推进 种族平等的政策、计划和资金 包括lahs、无家可归者服务提供者以及市和县机构.
  • 增强 跨系统协作和伙伴关系 to more effectively prevent and reduce the time spent in 无家可归 and improve 住房 retention and stability for Black people experiencing 无家可归.
  • 扩大能力建设和培训机会 to ensure 服务提供商 understand the impact of institutional racism and racial bias on Black people experiencing 无家可归.
  • 目标投资和 为旨在减少贫富差距的举措提供资金支持 and ensuring sufficient funding for services and programs supporting Black people experiencing 无家可归.
  • 实现 有针对性地改进服务交付 within the Los Angeles County 消费电子产品展 and other systems of care in which Black people experiencing 无家可归 are overrepresented, 解决障碍,改善黑人的境遇.
  • 在联邦、州和地方政府各级扩大宣传 进步和种族平等的政策、计划和(直接或间接)资助 影响到无家可归的黑人.

m88手机客户端 (m88) is a joint powers authority of the 城市 and 县 of Los Angeles, 创立于1993年,旨在解决洛杉矶县的无家可归问题. m88是由社会福利部资助的洛杉矶持续护理中心的领导机构, 并协调和管理联邦政府每年超过3亿美元的资金, 状态, 县, 以及为提供庇护所的城市基金项目, 住房, 以及为无家可归的人提供服务. 欲了解更多信息,请访问 www.powerpeprepclass.com.

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